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On Sat, Jan 7, 2012 at 04:40, Jay Carlson <> wrote:
> On Sat, Jan 7, 2012 at 1:00 AM, HyperHacker <> wrote:
>> On Fri, Jan 6, 2012 at 12:17, Roberto Ierusalimschy
>> <> wrote:
>>>> If I am not mistaken current Lua implementation computes hash value by
>>>> iterating through a string one character at a time. Would it be faster
>>>> to iterate one word at a time (4 bytes at a time in 32bit
>>>> architecture)?  It will require changing hash function implementation
>>>> but it could speed up the calculations. Hopefully, we can still treat
>>>> 127-byte long strings as short strings.
>>> I do not see a simple way to write this in a portable way (respecting
>>> alignment requirements for word access). For strings already internal to
>>> Lua we know about their alignment, but external strings (the ones to be
>>> internalized) may start anywhere. We would need to do some arithmetic
>>> with addresses, something invalid in ANSI C.
>> That seems terribly amusing, given that C is supposed to be low-level.
>> There's no way to convert the address to an integer and slow-copy the
>> first few bytes until we're at an aligned address?
> No. Pointers are weird. Doing this depends on implementation-specific
> details. As it happens, a complete model for memory given as union {
> int n; unsigned char b[sizeof(int)]; } is true almost everywhere.
> However, (n & 0xff) may still be b[0] or b[3] or b[7], and I don't
> believe there is any guarantee (intptr_t)&n takes on any value of
> (intptr_t)&b[i].
> Anyway, assuming that union, how do you implement a good hash based on
> that int n? This is an honest question.
>> --
>> Sent from my toaster.
> Appropriate enough. A design goal of ANSI C was to be reasonably
> implementable on toasters....even if they use sign-magnitude 18-bit
> ints. Or 286 protected mode segment descriptors....
> Jay

Hm, and there's no standard function to convert a pointer to integer
for this sort of operation? Similar to atoi() and itoa(), does there
exist some ptoi()?

Sent from my toaster.