lua-users home
lua-l archive

[Date Prev][Date Next][Thread Prev][Thread Next] [Date Index] [Thread Index]

I've been reading more of the Lua 5.0 reference manual.  A fine work by
the way despite this and my previous minor niggles.

The function ipairs in the base library (section 5.1) should make the
following clear:
- the function will not work unless the global variables "ipairs" is
  bound to the ipairs function as it is when the base library is opened.
- ipairs _does_ support table modification during the iteration.
- ipairs uses rawgeti to access the table t (so won't work with some
  tables that are emulated using metatables).

The description of the function pairs should make it clear that it
really does use the global "next" and hence will fail if next is

How about the following text:

For ipairs:

  Note that unlike <code>pairs</code> it is safe to modify the table
  <code>t</code> during the iteration.  At each iteration step the next
  integer is generated and is used to index the table, the iteration
  proceeds if an entry is found, and terminates if no entry is found.

  There are a couple of implementation details which affect the precise
  behaviour of this function.  The first is that this function makes
  reference to the global variable <code>"ipairs"</code>, hence it will
  not work if you do something like <code>base.ipairs = ipairs; ipairs =
  nil</code> and then subsequently use <code>base.ipairs</code>.  The
  second is that <code>ipairs</code> indexes the table <code>t</code> by
  using <code>lua_rawgeti</code> and so ignores any metatable that
  <code>t</code> might have.

For pairs:

  Note that this function finds the <code>next</code> function by using
  the global variable <code>"next"</code> and hence will fail if
  <code>next</code> is redefined.