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On May 11, 2015, at 1:47 PM, Coda Highland <> wrote:

Well that’s true of the ZWNBSP *codepoint* U+FEFF, which of course encodes
to 0xEF/0xBB/0xBF. But what about dumb encoders that encode a big-endian
UTF-16 sequence into UTF-8 and emit a byte-swapped encoding for the BOM?

Are you saying that the encoder actually emitted U+FFFE instead of U+FEFF? Ugh.

The problem is that in the early days of Unicode, a 16-bit codepoint space was assumed and UCS2 was the assumed encoding, where a single UCS2 16-bit code value was assumed to be a single codepoint. Made string length computation easy etc. Then Unicode overflowed 16-bits for codepoints and UTF-16 with surrogates was invented. This means a lot of old code simply assumed (and still does) that a UCS2 encoding *is* just an array of codepoints. And so encoding to UTF-8 is assumed to just be encoded UCS2 .. urgh. So surrogates slip through into the UTF-8 stream, and so can a BOM even if it’s encoded big-endian.