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On Sun, 30 May 2010 16:21:44 +0100, Matthew Wild <> wrote:

> - my concern isn't protecting the default environment as
> you state, but rather allow my re-environmented (I need to use this
> phrase more) functions to load modules, independent of each other.
> As it is, when they call require() most module tables end up out of
> their reach, unless I provide them with an __index on their
> environment to _G, and then suddenly they aren't so independent from
> the main program - which isn't what I wanted.

I needed the same property -- modules that were independent of each
other and of the main environment.  I wrote a layer that rides on top
of the Lua module system that provides this property.  It's called
Darwin, and you can find it at:

The Darwin module system is completely backwards compatible with
regular Lua modules.  Existing Lua modules can be used as-is, or you
can Darwin-ize them by writing a one- or two-line declaration that
will tell Darwin to put it into its own environment when you load it.

I use this system everyday.  I will port it to Lua 5.2 at some point,
when the environment-related decisions are settled.


PS -- You can use Darwin to guarantee complete safety (i.e. no module
can possibly interfere with another module) if you remove getfenv()
and setfenv() from the default environment.  When you need a module
that requires these functions, you can easily make them available --
in this way, "trusted" modules can use these functions (which are
security leaks) but "untrusted" modules cannot.