lua-users home
lua-l archive

[Date Prev][Date Next][Thread Prev][Thread Next] [Date Index] [Thread Index]

>>>>> "Benjamin" == Benjamin Riggs <> writes:

 Benjamin> Thank you; this is very helpful.

 Benjamin> I didn’t expect that a return statement from a main chunk
 Benjamin> would leave the returned value(s?) on the stack.

To be precise, what's left on the stack depends on how you called the
chunk. Functions like luaL_dofile or luaL_dostring call the compiled
chunk with lua_pcall(L, 0, LUA_MULTRET, 0) which means that any number
of return values is allowed (you have to look at the change in the value
of lua_gettop(L) to see how many there were); but if you do a separate
lua_load and lua_pcall yourself, you can specify how many return values
you want (and also pass arguments if you want to, which the chunk can
access via the ... token).

 Benjamin> Since it seems the interpreter literally wraps main chunks in
 Benjamin> a function call (I assumed load was just doing some back-end
 Benjamin> hand-waving), if the main chunk is only a single function
 Benjamin> declaration, will load then leave the declared function on
 Benjamin> the stack, or will it be wrapped in another layer of function
 Benjamin> call?

What lua_load() (and its variants) leaves on the stack is always a
wrapper around the content of the loaded chunk, and it's always an
anonymous vararg function (and in 5.2+ it always has a single upvalue
named _ENV, whether it actually uses it or not - this is important for
sandboxing, since you can use lua_setupvalue to set the chunk's _ENV to
the correct sandbox environment before calling it).