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I use the 'xml' luarock which depends on the 'lub' rock.
I like it very much, but found that 'xml.dump' becomes very
slow when the XML string is very long.

I traced the reason to its use of the function 'lub.join'. This
function concatenates a list by repeatedly concatenating
the next element to the partial result, an algorithm that takes
O(n²) time, where n is the length of the final result.

Applications (such as 'xml') that do not need __concat
metamethods do not need that algorithm.

    require"lub".join = table.concat

solves all the speed problems.

-- Dirk