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On 4 July 2018 at 15:26, Egor Skriptunoff <> wrote:
> Hi!
> Let me start (n+1)-th thread about "global by default" feature of Lua.
> My suggestion is to replace "global by default" approach with "nothing by
> default" by introducing special syntax for accessing global variables:
> $print("Hello world")    -- ok
> print("Hello world")     -- syntax error: referencing undeclared variable
> "print"
> _G.print("Hello world")  -- syntax error: referencing undeclared variable
> "_G"
> "$" is not a part of an identifier.
> "$" is a lexem (for example, there could be a space between "$" and global
> variable name).
> "$" is absolutely the same as "_ENV." but is more comfortable to use.
> Why do we need this?
> 1)
> "$globalvar" notation introduces two separate namespaces: one for globals
> and one for locals/upvalues.
> As a result of this separation, most of variable name typos will be detected
> at compile time.
> Although global name typos will not be detected ($math.sin -> $moth.sin),
> the most of identifiers in properly-written Lua programs are locals.
> Currently, writing Lua programs without "global-nil-alarmer" (such as
> "strict.lua") is practically impossible (because typos in local variable
> names are silently converted to globals).
> 2)
> "$print" contains more symbols than "print", and you have to press SHIFT on
> your keyboard to type "$", but this is not a drawback.
> Instead, there is a point in it: users would have to pay attention to slow
> global access.
> More finger moves = more CPU time to access.
> So, we are adding "ergonomical motivation" to cache globals in Lua programs
> :-)
> 3)
> Polluting of global namespace is already discouraged in Lua, so introducing
> "$" prefix for globals is the next step in that direction.
> It is a polite way to say: "use globals only when they are really needed".
> 4)
> The "$globalvar" notation will solve problem with globals occasionally
> shadowed out by locals or upvalues:
> local function sort_desc(table)
>    table.sort(table, function(a, b) return a>b end)  -- very popular
> newcomers' mistake
> end
> 5)
> The "$globalvar" notation will make the difference between
> "monkey-patch-friendly code" and "monkey-patch-unfriendly code" more easy to
> see.
> BTW, "_ENV" could be removed from Lua as "$" could do the same (with some
> modifications in the parser to interpret "$" either as "_ENV." or as
> "_ENV"):
> $print()           -- instead of print()
> $.print()          -- instead of print()
> local env = $      -- instead of local env = _ENV
> $[key] = value     -- instead of _ENV[key] = value
> function sndbx($)  -- instead of function sndbx(_ENV)
> What are your thoughts on this?
> -- Egor

  - Such a feature needs to be optional and opt-in, as lua is still
often used as a config file format.
  - I have no general issues with global reads by default: I don't
love the doing e.g. `local type = _G.type` or similar at the top of
all my files
  - We already have an opt-in of this behaviour: `local _G = _G; local
_ENV = nil` and then use e.g. `_G.print`
    I think a more interesting proposal would be to make a
macro/special syntax that expands to that. ("use strict"?)