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On Fri, Sep 27, 2013 at 5:47 AM, D. Matt Placek <> wrote:
> On Fri, Sep 27, 2013 at 10:55 AM, Enrique Garcia Cota <>
> wrote:
>> Hello there,
>> In my current setup I'm treating some strings in Lua and then storing them
>> in JSON.
>> JSON expects strings in either UTF-8, UTF-16, UTF-32, in big endian or
>> little-endian. Binary blobs outside that is considered invalid.
>> Unfortunately, some of the data I'm receiving can be binary. I need to
>> detect those cases and escape the binary data somehow (probably with Base64
>> encoding).
> The JSON spec (RFC4627) says:  "All Unicode characters may be placed within
> the quotation marks except for the characters that must be escaped:
> quotation mark, reverse solidus, and the control characters (U+0000 through
> U+001F)."
> I use a very simple JSON encoder that just scans the string character by
> character and substitutes the correct escape sequence whenever one of these
> characters is encountered.  I don't think you need to resort to Base64 or
> other binary encodings unless you really want to.

Two major problems here:

(1) Not every value is a valid Unicode character. There are several
ranges defined as illegal, for various reasons.

(2) Whether 8, 16, or 32 bit, not every byte sequence is a legal UTF

Less significant but still relevant is that if you use UTF-16 or
UTF-32 you have to deal with formatting the entire string as such, not
just the binary content, and Lua is geared to work with 8-bit strings.
(Not that it's impossible to do otherwise, but it's a substantial
amount of extra work.)

/s/ Adam