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You have two choices here:

Store your values in the Lua registry (as Ezequiel said), or
Use a C++ Binding (Like LuaPlusPlus:, and use a class to properly store
the values.

The choice is yours, both come with pros and contras.

PS: If you do decide to use the Lua registry to store your values,
consider storing the data in a struct that is passed as userdata to
other C functions, that way you don't have to unwind thousands of
values everytime you want to access your values.

2011/9/30 Ezequiel García <>:
> I wrote a Lua 5.1 module (in C) to test a certain C library. I mantain a few
> 'state' global variables (in the C fashion):
> static int _traceEnabled;
> static int _updateMode;
> // such...
> This is not a __very__ bad thing since it's just a testing purpose module
> and it is pretty much self-contained.
> However, since I have Lua ways to avoid doing this (using environment,
> upvalues, and such) I would like to remove the global vars and
> replace them with non-local or something.
> I would like to have an environment value easily accesible local
> to the module or local to a specific function but I am not sure how
> this is done.
> Maybe lua_setfenv()? but I can't find clear documentation (Besides
> it seems it will be removed in 5.2).
> Any guidance?
> Thanks in advance,
> Ezequiel.