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On Mon, Nov 20, 2006 at 07:22:13PM +0100, wrote:
> Nonblocking mode should never be necassery when using select(),
> because of the proper behaviour of recv() as I described above.

Just a quick note that this is not necessarily true.

As I recall: for performance reasons Linux sockets are marked readable
when packets arrive, _before_ the packet checksums are tested.  So a
corrupt packet can cause select() to report the socket as readable,
and a recv() call can then block when the delayed checksum test causes
the packet to be discarded.  I think this has been observed causing
real problems with some UDP-based daemons.

You'll probably find major kernel developers stating that if you need
a recv/read call to not block on Linux, you _must_ use O_NONBLOCK.
They will not guarantee it otherwise.  There was a huge argument about
this 2 years ago and I don't recall any plans to change the behavior.
Some revisions of the select() manpage may have a note about it,
though none of my systems do.

                                                  -Dave Dodge